He concludes by putting forward a number of options, including:
- That, subject to the protection of the vulnerable, "the process and the judgment of the court should be subject to public scrutiny";
- That there "be a presumption that the child who is Gillick competent in relation to a key issue should be provided with representation or an effective means of exercising their autonomy, for example by making representations to the judge";
- That there should be "greater emphasis on alternative and more proportionate dispute resolution mechanisms" with "strong ground rules which can best be provided ... by codes of practice or guidance"; and
- That "where the ground rules have been complied with the court should make available its enforcement powers to give effect to the agreements reached."